• Gabriela León

In Covid -19, Ecuador is taking drastic measures. What are they? And what can you expect from them?

#coronavirusecuador #stayhome #quedateencasa #covid19 #emergencylawsecuador

In continuance of the 101 Martial Laws enacted in the history of Ecuador, this Martial Law (ML 102) will be specially remembered.

The decree has ordered, “community quarantine” because in the words of the President “Ecuador, is at a war”. The silent enemy of Covid-19 (from what the government knows) has already taken the lives of 58 people and has infected more than 1,924 just since the beginning of the month. Surely, these numbers are increasing while I am writing this post. So, while you and I are still in quarantine, let’s get to know how Covid-19 is impacting our lives in various ways. As it unfolds, I will be writing snapshots of the current legal status of the curfew, transit;  the economy, the labour sector, education, health and international relationships. The curfew.  Who can leave the house and how? On March 25th, a national curfew between 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m. was ordered, and gatherings of all sorts became restricted. Only persons; who provide essential services, such as medical cares, food supply, police and military officers, fire-fighters, accredited journalists, and similar, can transit. Now, can you leave your house from 5:00 a.m. to 2:00pm? Basically, you can leave your house, walking, if you are leaving your house to buy groceries and/or medicines. Yet, by public policy recommendation you have to STAY HOME, so, do not be surprised if police or military will order you back to quarantine. Also, it is strongly recommended that only one member of your family goes out to do these errands. The fines for breaching the curfew are the following: once, USD $100,oo; twice, USD $400,oo; third, jail. Transit From March 17th to April 5th, all flights, boats and buses transporting regular passengers are suspended. And with few exceptions, Ecuador has closed completely its air, ground and maritime borders. Flights for merchandise, postal parcels, consumables and humanitarian aid are still allowed. Further, unless you are providing an essential service, inter-provincial travel is completely restricted. Each province and county has its own regulations, yet within your area, driving is regulated based on the last digit of your vehicle’s license plate (See below). From March 28th, Monday and Friday 1, 2 and 3; Tuesday and Saturday 4, 5, 6; Wednesday and Sunday 7, 8, 9, Monday and Thursday 0*

Stay up-to-date with my next post that will provide information on how Covid-19 has changed sectors of the economy, the labour sector, education, health and international relationships. Bibliography 101 Martial laws: El Universo, Suman 101 decretos de estados de excepción y renovación desde 2007 en Ecuador, October 7th 2019, available in: https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2019/10/07/nota/7550306/suman-101-decretos-estados-excepcion-renovacion-2007 Ecuador is at war: El Comercio, Moreno medidas coronavirus covid19, minute 06:40, available en: https://www.elcomercio.com/actualidad/moreno-medidas-coronavirus-covid19-excepcion.html Statistics of Covid-19 in Ecuador: Available at www.coronavirusecuador.com

BBC, Coronavirus: Ecuador reports five new cases, available in: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-51704319?intlink_from_url=https://www.bbc.com/news/topics/cz4pr2gd580t/ecuador&link_location=live-reporting-story

Legal resolutions

Presidential Decree No. 1017, March 16th 2020.

Resolution from the Emergency Operations Committee (COE), March 24th 2020.

*These regulations are constantly changing. Read our latest news and stay informed.

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